Brendan Rasmussen

  • In general, it is recommended to start dna ligase against paratuberculosis in young replacement animals. The schedule involves vaccination of lambs/kids at the age of 4–16 weeks, with repeat vaccinations at 12-month intervals until all animals in a farm will have been vaccinated and all non-vaccinated animals will have been removed (Windsor, 2…[Read more]

  • In summary, the present work is the first report of apoptosis in peritoneal leucocytes during the peritoneal migratory stages of F. hepatica infection in sheep in vivo. The dramatic increase in apoptotic peritoneal macrophages, lymphocytes and granulocytes found at 1 dpi with respect to the UC group suggests that F. hepatica migratory larvae are…[Read more]

  • Cis-acting elements, responsible for transcription in both strands were localized in the LIR of mastreviruses (Heyraud et al., 1995). Although, analysis of LIRs of several geminiviruses showed little sequence homology, nevertheless several conserved motifs have been found (Arguello-Astorga et al., 1994); a GC-rich box (except in the bipartite…[Read more]

  • Brendan Rasmussen posted an update 3 months ago

    The clinical presentation and disease course in cases 1–5 in shelter 1 and cases 7–8 in shelter 2 resembled the ‘paw and mouth disease’ syndrome described by Cooper and Sabine (1972). These kittens showed edema and/or skin ulcerations localized to the head and paws, but no signs of inner organ involvement or a systemic inflammatory respons…[Read more]

  • Brendan Rasmussen posted an update 3 months ago

    One family of viruses encoding the 30K superfamily MPs, Caulimoviridae, appears to have invaded the genomes of nearly all euphyllophyte plants. At one level, these integrated proviruses can be viewed as a subset of a larger class of type I, long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposable elements (Caulimoviridae being a clade within this class that…[Read more]

  • FundingThis study was supported by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MAE III) and the Ministry of Research of Luxembourg as well as by the Centre de Recherche Public de la Santé.Conflict of interest statementAcknowledgementsIntroductionRotaviruses form a genus in the Reoviridae family and are classified into 7 distinct groups (A to G) or a…[Read more]

  • LncRNAs are non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) of 200bp to 100kb in length with highly conserved sequences (Mattick, 2005). They regulate gene expression at multiple molecular levels, including, but not limited to, transcriptional or post-transcriptional modulation, competing endogenous microRNA, and BV6 modification (Barrandon et al., 2008; Khalil et al.,…[Read more]

  • Material and methodsResultsDiscussionControl strategies for reducing VL in endemic areas include an accurate and early diagnosis of infected dogs. Aiming to improve the detection of dogs infected with L. infantum, this study employed qPCR on OS samples that can be easily collected in clinics and on a large scale. For comparison, we also evaluated…[Read more]

  • Several of Putin’s goals appeared difficult to achieve even before the sharp decline in growth in 2013. Raising the investment ratio to 27 percent would have been a difficult task even before the surge in capital flight in 2013–2014. Creating 25 million highly productive workplaces would also have be difficult before the present economic s…[Read more]

  • Experimental and calculated IR and Raman spectra of G′-H and G′-D are shown in Figs. 2, 3 and and Supplementary information S3. The experimental Raman spectra of G′-H and G′-D are more complex than theoretical. The frequency and intensity of some lines in the calculated IR and Raman spectra differ considerably from experimental. For example…[Read more]

  • Tick control strategies play a critical role in minimizing Babesia and Theileria infections in endemic countries (Bock et al., 2004; Pérez de León et al., 2012; Shimizu et al., 2000). As with other Babesia parasites, tick control measures are of paramount importance to efforts to reduce the prevalence of B. ovata in cattle. Tick control methods a…[Read more]

  • Brendan Rasmussen posted an update 4 months ago

    PRRSV exists as two major genotypes, the European prototype (EU-type, type1), known as the Lelystad virus (LV), and the North American prototype (NA-Type, type2), VR-2332. The two genotypes share about 55–70% nucleotide and 50–80% amino Apoptosis Compound Library similarity (Benfield et al., 1992; Nelsen et al., 1999; Wensvoort et al., 1992). In…[Read more]

  • Brendan Rasmussen posted an update 4 months ago

    The development of faecal culture for the S strain of M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis greatly facilitated the diagnosis of ovine paratuberculosis in Australia, particularly as sheep with multibacillary lesions shed on average 1010 organisms per day that are recoverable in culture, even when diluted 100-fold with faeces from uninfected sheep (Begg…[Read more]

  • The NiV genome is a negative-sense nonsegmented RNA, of 18,246 nucleotides (nt; Malaysian isolate) or 18,252 nt (Bangladesh isolate) (Harcourt et al., 2005, 2001). Like other paramyxoviruses, the genome contains six transcriptional units encoding six structural proteins: nucleocapsid (N), phosphoprotein (P), matrix protein (M), fusion protein (F),…[Read more]

  • Rift Valley Fever virus (Phlebovirus), or Zinga virus, was first isolated from an epizootic of high mortality in lambs and abortion in pregnant ewes in the Great Rift Valley, Kenya, in 1930 (Daubney et al., 1931). Outbreaks of Rift Valley fever were limited to the African continent until 2000, when severe and simultaneous outbreaks of the disease…[Read more]

  • Dromedaries may also be potentially useful as surveillance tools. In particular, active surveillance of dromedaries in herds and large abattoirs could potentially reveal the prevalence of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection. In 2012, MERS-CoV was first detected in humans in Saudi Arabia. Sera from dromedary camels…[Read more]

  • Previous researches suggested a common feature of QseB/QseC systems of pathogenic bacteria was the involvement of pathogenesis. Such as enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), the QseC/QseB system involves in interkingdom signaling and regulating of virulence gene expression, leading to the flagella synthesis, toxin production and attaching and effacing…[Read more]

  • Brendan Rasmussen posted an update 5 months ago

    (10)where α and β are,(11)?(12)?We calculatefor all vehicles recursively since the success probability for a given vehicle depends on the number of vehicles that are present at various hops. The number of vehicles at different hops will not remain the same for every vehicle. Hence, the overall success probability is taken as an average over v…[Read more]

  • Brendan Rasmussen posted an update 5 months ago

    Bim and Bak, two pro-apoptotic factors upregulated by JNK 1/2 [21]. These factors exert a lethal action, ultimately mediated by damage of mitochondrial internal membrane. The role of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 is to sequester BH3-activators, as Bim, thereby preventing their action of triggering the lethal action of Bax–Bak [9]. Our results seem to e…[Read more]

  • Figure 1. Flow diagram of the study population.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (83 K)Download as PowerPoint slideImaging Protocol of Dynamic Chest Radiology (“Dynamic X-Ray Phrenicography”)Posteroanterior dynamic chest radiography (“dynamic X-ray phrenicography”) was performed using a prototype system (Konica…[Read more]

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