Brendan Rasmussen

  • PRRSV exists as two major genotypes, the European prototype (EU-type, type1), known as the Lelystad virus (LV), and the North American prototype (NA-Type, type2), VR-2332. The two genotypes share about 55–70% nucleotide and 50–80% amino Apoptosis Compound Library similarity (Benfield et al., 1992; Nelsen et al., 1999; Wensvoort et al., 1992). In…[Read more]

  • The development of faecal culture for the S strain of M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis greatly facilitated the diagnosis of ovine paratuberculosis in Australia, particularly as sheep with multibacillary lesions shed on average 1010 organisms per day that are recoverable in culture, even when diluted 100-fold with faeces from uninfected sheep (Begg…[Read more]

  • The NiV genome is a negative-sense nonsegmented RNA, of 18,246 nucleotides (nt; Malaysian isolate) or 18,252 nt (Bangladesh isolate) (Harcourt et al., 2005, 2001). Like other paramyxoviruses, the genome contains six transcriptional units encoding six structural proteins: nucleocapsid (N), phosphoprotein (P), matrix protein (M), fusion protein (F),…[Read more]

  • Rift Valley Fever virus (Phlebovirus), or Zinga virus, was first isolated from an epizootic of high mortality in lambs and abortion in pregnant ewes in the Great Rift Valley, Kenya, in 1930 (Daubney et al., 1931). Outbreaks of Rift Valley fever were limited to the African continent until 2000, when severe and simultaneous outbreaks of the disease…[Read more]

  • Dromedaries may also be potentially useful as surveillance tools. In particular, active surveillance of dromedaries in herds and large abattoirs could potentially reveal the prevalence of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection. In 2012, MERS-CoV was first detected in humans in Saudi Arabia. Sera from dromedary camels…[Read more]

  • Brendan Rasmussen posted an update 4 weeks ago

    Previous researches suggested a common feature of QseB/QseC systems of pathogenic bacteria was the involvement of pathogenesis. Such as enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), the QseC/QseB system involves in interkingdom signaling and regulating of virulence gene expression, leading to the flagella synthesis, toxin production and attaching and effacing…[Read more]

  • (10)where α and β are,(11)?(12)?We calculatefor all vehicles recursively since the success probability for a given vehicle depends on the number of vehicles that are present at various hops. The number of vehicles at different hops will not remain the same for every vehicle. Hence, the overall success probability is taken as an average over v…[Read more]

  • Bim and Bak, two pro-apoptotic factors upregulated by JNK 1/2 [21]. These factors exert a lethal action, ultimately mediated by damage of mitochondrial internal membrane. The role of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 is to sequester BH3-activators, as Bim, thereby preventing their action of triggering the lethal action of Bax–Bak [9]. Our results seem to e…[Read more]

  • Figure 1. Flow diagram of the study population.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (83 K)Download as PowerPoint slideImaging Protocol of Dynamic Chest Radiology (“Dynamic X-Ray Phrenicography”)Posteroanterior dynamic chest radiography (“dynamic X-ray phrenicography”) was performed using a prototype system (Konica…[Read more]

  • Image AnalysisThe diaphragmatic motions on sequential chest radiographs (dynamic image data) during tidal breathing were analyzed using prototype software (Konica Minolta, Inc.) installed in an independent workstation (Operating system: Windows 7 Pro SP1; Microsoft, Redmond WA; CPU: Intel Core i5-5200U, 2.20 GHz; memory 16 GB). The edges of the…[Read more]

  • Our study demonstrated that the average excursions of the bilateral AZD 6244 during tidal breathing (right: 11.0 mm, 95% CI 10.4 to 11.6 mm; left: 14.9 mm, 95% CI 14.2 to 15.5 mm) were numerically less than those during forced breathing in previous studies using other modalities 2; 7 ;  8. Using fluoroscopy, Alexander reported that the average…[Read more]

  •  A representative video of sequential chest radiographs obtained by chest dynamic radiography for the motion of the diaphragms (“dynamic X-ray phrenicography”). A board-certified radiologist placed a point of interest (red point) on the highest point of each citco on the radiograph at the resting end-expiratory position. These points were…[Read more]

  • Multiple linear regression analysis using all variables as factors (Model 1) demonstrated that weight, BMI, and tidal volume were independently associated with the bilateral excursion of the diaphragms (all P < 0.05) after adjusting for other clinical variables, including age, gender, smoking history, height, VC, %VC, FEV1, FEV1%, and %FEV1. There…[Read more]

  • ResultsParticipants’ CharacteristicsTable 1 shows the clinical characteristics of all the participants (n = 172).Excursions and Peak Motion Speeds of the Bilateral DiaphragmUnivariate Analysis of Associations Between the Diaphragmatic Excursions and Participants’ DemographicsFigure 3. Estimated regression line of the excursion of the myeloperoxid…[Read more]

  • ResultsParticipants’ CharacteristicsTable 1 shows the clinical characteristics of all the participants (n = 172).Excursions and Peak Motion Speeds of the Bilateral DiaphragmUnivariate Analysis of Associations Between the Diaphragmatic Excursions and Participants’ DemographicsFigure 3. Estimated regression line of the excursion of the…[Read more]

  • DiscussionOur study determined the average excursion of the diaphragms during tidal breathing in a standing position in a health screening center cohort using dynamic chest radiography (“dynamic X-ray phrenicography”). These findings are important because they provide reference values of diaphragmatic motion during tidal breathing useful for the…[Read more]

  • Brendan Rasmussen posted an update 2 months ago

    Figure 2. Representative sequential chest radiographs and the graphs of excursion and peak motion of the diaphragms obtained by chest dynamic radiography (“dynamic X-ray phrenicography”). (a) Radiograph of the resting end-expiratory position. (b) Radiograph of the resting end-inspiratory position. (c) Graph showing the vertical excursions and the…[Read more]

  • Brendan Rasmussen posted an update 2 months ago

    Recently, dynamic chest radiography using a flat panel detector (FPD) system with a large field of view was introduced for clinical use. This technique can provide sequential chest radiographs with high temporal resolution during respiration (17), and the purchase ARQ 621 dose is much lower than that of CT. Also, whereas CT and MRI are performed…[Read more]

  • Brendan Rasmussen posted an update 2 months ago

    Figure 2. Representative sequential chest radiographs and the graphs of excursion and peak motion of the diaphragms obtained by chest dynamic radiography (“dynamic X-ray phrenicography”). (a) Radiograph of the resting end-expiratory position. (b) Radiograph of the resting end-inspiratory position. (c) Graph showing the vertical excursions and the…[Read more]

  •  A representative video of sequential chest radiographs obtained by chest dynamic radiography for the motion of the diaphragms (“dynamic X-ray phrenicography”). A board-certified radiologist placed a point of interest (red point) on the highest point of each methylergometrine on the radiograph at the resting end-expiratory position. These points…[Read more]

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